Gum disease (gingivitis) is caused by bacteria in the mouth, which sticks to the surface of the teeth to form plaque (a biofilm). This biofilm releases substances that irritate the gums, causing a change in colour and texture that may result in bleeding gums when brushing.
If left untreated, the gums and bone supporting the teeth may start to erode – this is known as periodontitis. In its more severe form, the disease can result in gum pockets and bone recession, causing teeth to become loose and even fall out.
Mouth body connection
Periodontal bacteria can enter the bloodstream and travel to major organs. Whilst more research needs to be done, there are associations to suggest this may:
- Contribute to heart disease
- Increase the risk of stroke
- Increase a woman’s risk of having a preterm, low weight baby
- Pose a threat to those with diabetes
At Ringley Park, we aim to promote periodontal health in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner. Scaling and careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and tartar is necessary on affected teeth with deep gum pockets. This treatment can have limitations and more complex treatments may be indicated to restore health. Our dentists Paul Barnes and Eva Muñoz Aguilera are Specialist Periodontists.
As well as helping to solve problems associated with sore gums and loose teeth, periodontal treatment can restore your whole mouth to full health. This may allow you to benefit from further cosmetic dental treatments, which would otherwise be impossible to perform.
If you’d like to find out more about the causes and effects of gum disease, please visit the British Society of Periodontology, or alternatively take a look at the American Academy of Periodontology.